Contrary to popular belief, schizophrenia is not a split personality disorder. It is a very complex disease of the brain, disturbing to both the sufferer and those involved in the sufferer's life. There are, however, four fairly straightforward categories (and one more obscure) into which most schizophrenic's behaviour can be divided in order to easily tell from which of the different types of schizophrenia they are suffering.
Paranoid Schizophrenia - is the term used to describe a schizophrenic who suffers from hallucinations (auditory, mostly) and delusions, despite leading a relatively normal life. People suffering from paranoid schizophrenia are able to express themselves and use their intellect normally, though they can believe they are being persecuted unjustly and are extremely suspicious of everyone. Alternatively, they can believe themselves to be a well-known persona or celebrity. Main emotions displayed include anger, anxiety, aloofness, and a strong tendency to argue.
Disorganised Schizophrenia - this is one of the more disruptive of the five different types of schizophrenia that exist as it involves incoherency for even the simplest things, making the carrying out of various daily activities including bathing, dressing, and the preparation of food, extremely difficult. A common reaction is to laugh at something that isn't particularly funny, such as a traffic light changing colour.
Catatonic Schizophrenia - though it's name implies otherwise, this type of schizophrenia relates to a schizophrenic who is either completely immobile, or who moves constantly. Of all the different types of schizophrenia, this one is the one with the highest risk as a sufferer may not say or do anything for an extended period of time. Alternatively, they may repeat incessantly the same thing or do the same activity over and over again. They usually are very negative and withdrawn from society and are not really able to look after themselves.
Residual Schizophrenia - this type of schizophrenia is acknowledged by a past episode of schizophrenia, though the person appears to have no symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, incoherent behaviour or speech currently. It does not mean that the schizophrenic is cured, however he or she may be in remission. Frequently, despite the symptoms of schizophrenia subsiding, many schizophrenics are left feeling unmotivated and uninterested in the world around them.
Undifferentiated Schizophrenia - when a schizophrenic does not display enough tendencies of any of the different types of schizophrenia then they are characterised into this category.
Though, for some with an untrained eye, it may be somewhat difficult to determine from which category of schizophrenia a person is suffering, there are several key elements to a person's behaviour, which can indicate that he or she is suffering from the illness.
Due to the nature of schizophrenia, sufferers may live in fear, anxiety, or an extended state of confusion as their perceptions of reality are far removed from what is actually happening. As far as they are concerned, the voices they hear are real, the delusions they are having are actually taking place, and the only way they can deal with them, particularly if they are on a large scale, is to either continuously be on the alert, which is exhausting, or to "shut down" completely, unable to handle any more neural stress or stimulation that is indicative in all of the different types of schizophrenia
Signs of Schizophrenia Tip #1
Schizophrenia is not the same thing as having multiple personality disorder. In multiple personality disorder a person has a number of independent identities that all share one host body. Typically one of the personalities is dominant and the others exist under the surface. With Schizophrenia, there could be independent personalities but the person suffering from the disease believes that these identities exist outside of him or herself.
Signs of Schizophrenia Tip #2
There are different types of schizophrenia. The most widely known is that of paranoid schizophrenia in which the schizophrenic believes that there are people who are out to "get" him (or her). Commonly the patient associates himself with an elite group and believes that it is his membership with that group that has made him a target of others.
Signs of Schizophrenia Tip #3
Schizophrenia is normally treated with anti-psychotic drugs. There are new drugs being developed all the time. Other treatments include Electro Convulsive Therapy in which the patient is driven to convulsions by receiving a series of shocks to the brain. This treatment is thought to fix the electrochemical balance of the brain.